PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] —The Grolier Codex, an ancient document that is among the rarest books in the world, has been regarded with skepticism since it was reportedly unearthed by looters from a cave in Chiapas, Mexico, in the 1960s.
But a meticulous new study of the codex has yielded a startling conclusion: The codex is both genuine and likely the most ancient of all surviving manuscripts from ancient America.
Stephen Houston, the Dupee Family Professor of Social Science and co-director of the Program in Early Cultures at Brown University, worked with Michael Coe, professor emeritus of archeology and anthropology at Yale and leader of the research team, along with Mary Miller of Yale and Karl Taube of the University of California-Riverside. They reviewed “all known research on the manuscript,” analyzing it “without regard to the politics, academic and otherwise, that have enveloped the Grolier,” the team wrote in its study “The Fourth Maya Codex.”
The paper, published in the journal Maya Archaeology, fills a special section of the publication and includes a lavish facsimile of the codex.
The study, Houston said, “is a confirmation that the manuscript, counter to some claims, is quite real. The manuscript was sitting unremarked in a basement of the National Museum in Mexico City, and its history is cloaked in great drama. It was found in a cave in Mexico, and a wealthy Mexican collector, Josué Sáenz, had sent it abroad before its eventual return to the Mexican authorities.”
By Earl Rinehart
A judge is done listening to Tommy Thompson's excuse that an illness prevents him from remembering where he put treasure from a sunken ship.
With lawyers for investors waiting for their cut of the SS Central America gold standing nearby, Thompson's attorney argued in federal court in Columbus on Friday that Thompson's systemic exertion intolerance disease — chronic fatigue syndrome — inhibits his memory.
The lawyer, Todd A. Long, had asked U.S. District Judge Algenon L. Marbley to close Friday's hearing to the public because there would be medical testimony, but the judge refused because of "the public's interest."
"There's no evidence his inability, unwillingness or refusal to comply is the result of some mental defect," Marbley said of Thompson. He said that neither a psychologist nor a psychiatrist whom the defense hired has said Thompson definitively has the condition or that it impairs his memory.
Harriet Alexander, New York
A Nazi submarine which sank off the coast of North Carolina 72 years ago has been pictured for the first time, showing how the vessel has remained as a remarkably intact tomb for the 45 sailors on-board.
The U-boat, U-576, had been dispatched to the American coast to hunt Allied cargo ships.
Captained by Hans-Dieter Heinicke, it had been damaged during its months of activity in the Atlantic. And the submarine was limping home to Germany when, on July 15, 1942, it spotted a convoy of 24 ships.
Among them was the Bluefields, a merchant tanker flying the Nicaraguan flag, and headed from Virginia to Florida.
Heinicke, 29, had managed to sink three ships during his four prior patrols. One of his victims, the armed British freighter Empire Spring, had sunk off Nova Scotia, killing all 55 mariners aboard.
Another, the Norwegian vessel Taborfjell, sank off Cape Cod so fast that only three of its 20-man crew survived.
In the case of the American freighter Pipestone County, torpedoed off Cape Henry, Virginia, in April 1942, Heinicke surfaced near the lifeboats and gave the survivors provisions. He apologized for sinking their ship, and no one was killed.
TAMPA, Fla., July 7, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Seafarer Exploration Corp (OTCQB: SFRX), a company focused on archeologically sensitive exploration, research and recovery of historic shipwrecks is pleased to announce that Seafarer's Quest, LLC has successfully been granted a three-year 1A-31 Exploration permit with a Dig and Identify modification for the southernmost area (Area 1) of the Melbourne Beach site from the Florida Bureau of Archeological Research (FBAR).
Kyle Kennedy, CEO of Seafarer, stated, "This permit for Area 1 may be the single most important permit Seafarer has ever received. The extensive exploration we have previously conducted in Area 2, which is on the north side of Area 1, combined with the most recent cesium vapor magnetometer survey we have of Area 1 strongly suggest to us a concentrated amount of hits are in Area 1."
A total of 24 items had hidden subject captured in a boat Sunday in the community of Palacios, Gracias a Dios
The captured were identified as Fredy Arias Nole Cerna, Cerna Jeffrey Benjamin Echeverria Maradiaga and Denis Eli Reyes , all of legal age and residents in Columbus, North Coast, the Interagency Security Force (Fusina) reported.
The authorities detailed that individuals were seized with 24 stolen artifacts, allegedly taken from White City, a pre - Columbian site hidden in the jungles of Honduras La Mosquitia.
The subjects wore objects hidden in clothing and were transported in a boat. They were arrested in Palacios community in the municipality of Juan Francisco Bulnes, Gracias a Dios.
In addition to these samples, Fusina also seized material of deforestation and endangered birds.
Authorities said those captured were referred to the prosecutor of Puerto Lempira for processing.
SAN PEDRO SULA, HONDURAS: In the courts of San Pedro Sula Tuesday took place the initial hearing against a foreigner whom was arrested with about $63,000 in her wallet. Susan Lee Hendrickon was arrested in the last hours in the airport Ramón Villeda Morales of that city in northern Honduras. During the initial hearing transpired that the person detained was renowned for the discovery of tyrannosaurus Rex.
Susan Hendrickson, a Dutch national, was arrested and processed by the Directorate for the Fight against Drug Trafficking (DLCN), suspected of laundering drug money, by being in possession of $63,000 that she failed report to the immigration authorities.
René Altamirano, the defense attorney for the French citizen, born in the United States 66 years ago, said that the prosecution committed a grave error by detaining his client since she is renowned worldwide. The attorney related that Hendrickson took the money in a briefcase that was going to buy a property to Belize. She was sent to San Pedro Sula prison facility.
Susan Hendrickson has been living on the island of Guanaja for many years, and is known for her selfless work and support the Honduran island community.
Who is Susan Lee Hendrickson?
She was born on December 2, 1949 and is an American Paleontologist, and Marine Archaeologist. Hendrickson is best known for her discovery of the remains of a Tyrannosaurus Rex in South Dakota on 12 August 1990. Their discovery was the largest T. Rex specimen and is one of the most complete skeletons. This skeleton is now known as "Sue" in honor of her discovery. It is on display at the Field Museum in Chicago, Illinois. She has also found other important fossils and artifacts from around the world.
Courtesy: El Heraldo
Today I headed out early after a quick breakfast at my hotel in Glofito, a small fishing village on the southern coast of Costa Rica. The heat and humidity down here is brutal and I knew that I would have to get an early start. I was traveling through an area, known as the Diquís Delta, in the southernmost part of the Puntarenas Province of south eastern Costa Rica. Today’s mission was to do some gold panning along a couple of the many rivers flowing out of the thick jungle covered mountains and into the shimmering blue Pacific Ocean.
Less than an hour into my trip, and shortly after passing a Police checkpoint I arrived at my destination on the banks of the Rio Oro or Gold River in English. I parked the Blazer, and donned my back pack and headed into the jungle and eventually down to the banks of the river.
Florida Treasure Salvor Dan Porter, Photo courtesy of Dan Porter
FORT PIERCE, Fla. -- A Fort Pierce treasure salvor has been named the rightful owner of Spanish treasure he discovered in the waters off the Panamanian coast by Federal officials.
The Spanish treasure laid on the floor of the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Panama for 400 years. For the last six months, a portion of that treasure has been held by the United States government in the Customs and Border Patrol vault in Fort Pierce, during a legal dispute between the government of Panama and local treasure salvor Daniel Porter, who first found the wreck of Spanish treasure galleon San Jose in 2012.
According to attorneys for Porter, Panama convinced the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to seize the treasure when he returned to port in Fort Pierce from Panama in September 2015. Since then a legal battle between Porter and Panama over the ownership of the treasure has been waged, ending with Federal officials agreeing that Porter is the rightful owner.
Porter's attorneys say his salvage contract with Panama gave them not only a generous portion of all treasure recovered, but also gave Panama the first pick of any antiquity item. Porter and his crew dove the 42-mile trail of the shipwreck for nearly four years, recovering over 10,000 silver coins and other rare artifacts. Porter's reps say all retrieved artifacts were divided with the Panamanian government.
"Mr. Porter holds no animosity towards the Panamanian people and is hopeful that the pending legal disputes over the San Jose treasure is quickly resolved so he can return and complete the salvage operation he started. There are over 400,000 silver and gold coins still on the ocean floor. It would be a shame if they're left to rot there," said attorney Richard Kibbey in a statement.
MEXICO, MERIDA (Notimex) .- Studies optical microscopy, fluorescence spectrometry and X-ray diffraction applied to various rescued offerings cenote at Chichen Itza confirmed that mostly came from what is now Panama, Costa Rica and Peru.
Jose Luis Ruvalcaba Sil, researcher Institute of Physics of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), said that these results prove the religious significance of the site and the existence of extensive exchange networks.
The specialist explained that along with the University of California, Berkeley, the Institute of Anthropological Research of UNAM and School Conservation, Restoration and Museology INAH analyzed various parts obtained from Chichén Itzá to know its composition, technology and determine its origin.
A medieval 20 meter long and 50 ton heavy cargo ship was slowly, but steadily lifted out of the IJssel near Kampen on Wednesday. The ship’s emergence from the water was met with loud applause from about a thousand spectators who came to watch the operation. Thousands more followed the progress via livestream, Dutch newspaper AD reports.
The operation to lift the wreck out of the water started around 10:00 a.m. on Wednesday. The ship was lifted in its entirety with a new technique involving hanging it in a basket of bonds and joists, according to the newspaper.
Once above the water, the ship – which is still intact for the most part – was placed on a pontoon. A special frame is being built around the ship, after which it will be transported to Lelystad.
The shipwreck was discovered in the summer of 2011. It is believed that the ship was sunk deliberately some 600 years ago to increase the water level in an adjacent fairway.
A spokesperson for the Rijkswaterstaat called it an historical event. “This is an important moment in maritime history”, the spokesperson said to the newspaper. Archaeologists and historians have high expectations on what can be learned from this mostly intact medieval ship.
Courtesy: NL Times
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